Change to German electoral system – is Sir Keir watching?

This week the German coalition government of Social Democrats, Greens and Liberals began moves to reform the Federal Parliament (Bundestag) in what would be their country’s biggest constitutional shake-up for many years.

With electoral reform likely to be on the UK’s political agenda after the Conservatives almost certainly lose the next general election (due by January 2025 at the very latest) the choices made in Berlin are worth examining. Especially because their present government is ideologically very similar to a likely Labour-led coalition in the UK.

Germany has a hybrid system, with some MPs elected on a Westminster-style first-past-the-post system, but others elected via a top-up list so as to make the entire Bundestag represent the nationwide percentage share of the vote.

This hybrid system means that the Bundestag is not simply divided proportionally to match the parties’ share of the vote. For example, to gain proportionally-based seats, a party must poll at least 5% nationwide, or qualify for proportional top-ups if it wins at least three directly-elected seats. This happened recently with the far-left party Die Linke.

Markus Söder, leader of the Bavarian conservative party CSU, which would be the biggest loser if this week’s reforms are passed.

On the other hand, a party with a very strong regional base can end up winning more directly elected seats than a proportional carve-up would have given them. This is the case with Bavaria’s conservative party CSU. Extra seats are created to balance out such anomalies and are known as ‘overhang’ seats: these have meant that the present Bundestag is the largest ever, with 736 MPs.

This week’s proposed reform would eliminate ‘overhang’ seats, and fix the number of German MPs at 598.

At a basic level the reform is likely to be popular with voters, since it will save money and cut bureaucracy. And it’s a cunning move by the government because it will weaken the CSU. Even though CSU is the sister party of CDU, the present system of ‘overhang’ balancing takes no account of that, and gives an artificial boost to the combined CDU-CSU strength.

Reforming this would be likely to make any future conservative-led government more dependent on a deal with parties further to the right – presently AfD (Alternative für Deutschland) or whichever party succeeds AfD if it splits/declines. Unsurprisingly, the present reform is similar to a policy that the AfD itself promoted four years ago.

Scotland’s First Minister Nicola Sturgeon (above right, meeting Prime Minister Sunak) and her SNP would be the big losers if the UK adopted a system similar to that now proposed in Germany.

Here in the UK the party in a similar position to CSU (though very different ideologically) is Nicola Sturgeon’s Scottish National Party. The present electoral system gives the SNP grossly inflated importance at Westminster, relative to its share of the UK-wide vote. At the last general election SNP won 3.9% of the UK-wide vote, and 48 MPs (i.e. 7.4% of the House of Commons). The system almost doubled the SNP’s importance at Westminster, and this would be far more important in the event of no major party gaining a Commons majority, thus making Sturgeon and her allies kingmakers.

By contrast a more purely proportional system would probably give a populist/nationalist party (i.e. whatever replaces Reform UK and UKIP) more Westminster seats than the SNP. The other big winners from a change to a German-style system would almost certainly be the Greens.

Most importantly for racial nationalists, it would end the ‘wasted vote’ argument that has so far prevented many of those who sympathise with our ideas from voting for a racial nationalist party.

Winter Solstice 2022

Greetings from H&D to all readers celebrating the Winter Solstice this evening.

Our ancestors across Europe marked this as the day with fewest hours of sunlight: the darkest point of the year.

And so they celebrated the fact that from now on the sun becomes stronger, with the promise of renewed life and the certainty of next year’s crops.

Recently European peoples have been reminded that food doesn’t simply come from the supermarket, and many of our fellow citizens are facing an especially hard winter.

As racial nationalists these continue to be hard times in ways that transcend such daily material questions. The recent UK census provided further evidence that our very existence is under threat from mass immigration.

Yet the message of the Solstice is that even at the darkest hour, hope remains.

Political progress from the darkness of ignorance and barbarism to the renewed light of European civilization and racial identity will be slow, but here at H&D we believe that this recovery will happen and will be relentless, whatever methods our enemies use to prevent a White British and White European renaissance.

Whether you celebrate the Solstice as a religious festival or as a political allegory, H&D wishes you all a Happy Yuletide.

Race-mixers and conspiracist cranks – the German ‘coup plot’ farce

Prince Heinrich XIII – Prince Reuss – was arrested on Wednesday morning at his home in Frankfurt and is accused of leading a “right-wing coup plot”.

Here at H&D we thought we had seen every possible method of discrediting the nationalist cause, and every form of embarrassment among our so-called leaders dragging the noble ideals of racial nationalism into the gutter.

But the tragi-comedy of this week’s “far right coup plot” in Germany has plumbed new depths.

When raids took place across Germany (plus one in Austrian and one in Italy) early on Wednesday morning, we were told that a German Prince and various “far right” politicians and ex-military figures had been plotting to overthrow German “democracy” and restore the monarchy.

This was said to be based on a so-called Reichsbürger movement who deny the legitimacy of the present German state.

As it happens they have a pretty good case. German “democracy” has after all brought in tyrannical laws silencing historical debate, and is on the point of sending the 94-year-old scholar Ursula Haverbeck back to prison for the “crime” of questioning the “Holocaust” and asking whether it was truly feasible for six million Jews to have been murdered in supposed “homicidal gas chambers” on the apparently non-existent orders of Adolf Hitler.

Earlier this week this same German “democracy” staged another political show trial against the philosopher and former lawyer Horst Mahler, who will be 87 next month and has had both legs amputated due to health conditions aggravated by previous prison sentences for Orwellian “thought crimes”.

Notwithstanding this tyrannical treatment of its own citizens, the present-day Federal Republic is of very doubtful legitimacy: it doesn’t have a proper constitution, only a “Basic Law” that was drafted as a temporary measure for the former West Germany when it emerged from Anglo-American military occupation. The idea was that this Basic Law would eventually be superseded by a new constitution voted on by an eventually reunified German people.

That referendum never happened and the “temporary” Basic Law remains in force.

So the alleged coup plotters in some ways had a sound argument. We have no idea whether the lurid stories of attempted armed insurrection were true, false or half-true. Doubtless more details will emerge at future trials.

What we do know is that the ideological background of the “coup plotters” is an utter shambles, bearing no relation to any form of racial nationalism, let alone national socialism.

Celebrity chef and alleged coup plotter Frank Heppner

The latest to be unveiled is a celebrity chef who worked for the prince. This chef, Frank Heppner, was married to an Asian: his half-Asian daughter is the girlfriend of an “Austrian” negro footballer David Alaba, whose father is Nigerian and mother from the Philippines.

In short, a model European family!!!

And these are the people who were going to save Germany: a sick joke.

Shalimar Heppner (above right) is the daughter of supposed “far right coup plotter” Frank Heppner and his Asian former wife Eden. Shalimar is the girlfriend of ‘Austrian’ footballer David Alaba (above left), who is of mixed Nigerian-Filipino ancestry.

They have nothing to do with racial nationalism or national socialism. Rather they represent the decadent remnant of Eurotrash “aristocracy” and reactionary politics, with an ideology cobbled together from pre-war “conservative revolutionaries” and 21st century crank conspiracy theory.

It is embarrassing that they could in any way be linked to the true European cause.

Putinist oligarch arrested in London

NCA officers raiding oligarch Fridman’s London home two days ago.

Mikhail Fridman – one of London’s leading Russian oligarchs – was arrested at one of his two London homes on Thursday by officers from the National Crime Agency’s Combatting Kleptocracy Cell. British press reports have avoided naming Fridman.

According to an NCA statement, Fridman – a close ally of Kremlin dictator Vladimir Putin – was arrested “on suspicion of offences including money laundering, conspiracy to defraud the Home Office and conspiracy to commit perjury”. A 35-year-old man was arrested in the vicinity after being observed leaving Fridman’s home with a bag containing a large amount of cash.

Later on Thursday, the former boyfriend of Fridman’s current partner was arrested at his home in Pimlico, “for offences including money laundering and conspiracy to defraud”.

(above left to right) Sir Len Blavatnik, Tony Blair’s favourite oligarch; Mikhail Fridman, arrested two days ago in London by the NCA’s Combatting Kleptocracy Cell; Lord Browne, then chairman of BP; and Viktor Vekselberg, Blavatnik’s business partner, whose yacht was seized in April this year by Spain’s Guardia Civil and US federal agents.

The NCA’s Director-General Graeme Biggar said: “The NCA’s Combatting Kleptocracy Cell, only established this year, is having significant success investigating potential criminal activity by oligarchs, the professional service providers that support and enable them and those linked to the Russian regime.
“We will continue to use all the powers and tactics available to us to disrupt this threat.”

Mikhail Fridman was born in Lviv but now holds joint Russian and Israeli citizenship. He began to build his Alfa business empire in his early 20s, in partnership with two fellow Jews – German Khan and Petr Aven – and is best known for his co-ownership of the controversial Alfa Bank and associated companies.

Since 2017 Fridman and his partners have been involved in several legal actions against the former MI6 officer Chris Steele, whose dossier alleged that they had corrupt dealings with Putin and Donald Trump.

Mikhail Fridman (third from right) standing between Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Israeli politician Natan Sharansky at a presentation of the Genesis Prize, which Fridman sponsors. Also in photo (second left) is Fridman’s business partner Petr Aven.

Fridman co-founded the Russian Jewish Congress and has been a major donor to Zionist causes including the European Jewish Fund and ‘Holocaust’ education projects. His Genesis Philanthropy Group sponsors an annual prize for “Jewish contributions to humanity”.

Fridman’s two London homes are 25 Cavendish Close, St John’s Wood (close to Lord’s cricket ground), and Athlone House, a mansion in Highgate, North London, that was used as an RAF Intelligence base during the Second World War. For many years pre-war it was owned by Sir Robert Waley Cohen, one of the leaders of the Anglo-Jewish community.

In 2018 Fridman addressed a Chabad “Living Torah” event in London’s exclusive Belgravia district, where he described the Torah as the “backbone” of key concepts pioneered by Judaism, including “the precedence of good over evil and the power to choose between them using free will’. No doubt following his arrest he will be given plenty of time to explain these concepts to the Combatting Kleptocracy Cell of London’s National Crime Agency.

Mikhail Fridman (above centre) addressing a Chabad event in Belgravia, London, alongside American Jewish tycoon Matthew Bronfman

Holodomor Remembrance Day

One of the photos taken by Austrian nationalist Alexander Wienerberger documenting the Holodomor: these photos formed part of anti-communist exhibitions during the Third Reich, but the Holodomor was ignored by the Anglo-American press, dominated by the Kremlin’s agents and ‘useful idiots’.

Today is Holodomor Remembrance Day – but most people in the UK don’t even know the meaning of the word.

In contrast to the ‘Holocaust’ which has become the new religion of the West – with scholars such as Vincent Reynouard and Ursula Haverbeck jailed for raising questions about its historical veracity – the Holodomor, the terror-famine during 1932-33 in which Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin starved millions of Ukrainians to death, is unknown in most of the world.

The Austrian nationalist and chemical engineer Alexander Wienerberger was working in Ukraine during the Holodomor and his photographs and eyewitness reports were some of the first evidence of Stalin’s crimes. Yet despite Wienerberger’s partly Jewish ancestry, his testimony was ignored or disbelieved during the 1930s by most journalists outside the Third Reich. Wienerberger’s work was promoted by national-socialists but ignored by mainstream journalists.

Walter Duranty (above centre) was a Stalinist agent whose denial of the Holodomor dominated the Western media narrative, except in the Third Reich. Duranty is seen here at a New York lunch in his honour, flanked by Kenneth Durant from the Russian propaganda agency TASS, and Bernard Moloney from Reuters

Instead the ‘Western’ media preferred to believe communist agents such as the New York Times journalist Walter Duranty, a Kremlin shill who was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1932!

Apologists for Stalin and his successor Putin proliferate even today on the political fringe, including parts of the fragmented racial nationalist movement who openly call themselves ‘National Bolsheviks’.

Yet the truth of the Holodomor has begun to be recognised, and the truth about the ‘Holocaust’ cannot be suppressed forever, despite increasingly desperate attempts to silence revisionists.

Today Ukrainian patriots are bravely resisting another Kremlin-directed effort to crush their independence – another attempted genocide, which seeks to re-establish Stalin’s Soviet borders.

True Europeans and those who respect historical truth will today stand with our Ukrainian brothers and remember the Holodomor.

Celebrate St Edmund – the original English Patron Saint

Today – November 20th – is St Edmund’s Day. While St George (who had no historical connection to England) is commonly regarded as our Patron Saint, the original Patron Saint of England was St Edmund, who was King of East Anglia for about fourteen years until he was killed by Danish invaders in 869.

These invaders destroyed all records of Edmund’s reign, so it’s no longer even known precisely when and where he was born.

But about 150 years after his death, the Anglo-Danish King Canute converted to Christianity and began the tradition of venerating St Edmund as a Christian martyr and Patron Saint of England. For the next 500 years the abbey that Canute founded to house his relics, at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, was one of England’s most important shrines, attracting pilgrims from across the country.

The Wilton Diptych, one of the most important survivals of mediaeval English art, includes this depiction of St Edmund (above left).

Mediaeval chroniclers depicted Edmund as having been born in Nuremberg and descended from Saxon kings. His actual birthplace is uncertain, though we do know that the East Anglia over which he ruled was one of several Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in what later became England, and was established around 550 by Germanic tribes arriving from the Frisian region (in what is now the Netherlands and north-western Germany) and Jutland (in what is now Denmark).

St Edmund’s origins, his death, and even the date of his feast day, combine to make him a highly appropriate patron saint of England in 2022 – when more than ever we should be aware of our racial roots and aware of the need for solidarity with our fellow Europeans against the encroaching tyranny of the multiracial new world order.

The flag of St Edmund was England’s original symbol, long before the flag of St George

Liberals tell us we are a nation of immigrants, and point to the successive waves of migration that created England: including Edmund and his Anglo-Saxon ancestors, as well as the Viking invaders who killed him.

Racial nationalists by contrast understand that our fellow Europeans are our racial cousins, whereas the offspring of non-Europeans remain fundamentally alien, whether they were born in London or Lagos.

So whether he was born in Nuremberg or Norwich, St Edmund was an English king and a European king.

A statue of St Edmund stands outside St Edmundsbury Cathedral

The fact that 20th November is the Feast Day of St Edmund, King and Martyr, is also appropriate for another reason. Today on the frontline of the European racial nationalist battle against alien tyranny, our Spanish comrades mark the anniversary of the martyrdom of José Antonio Primo de Rivera, the Falangist leader murdered by communists on this day 86 years ago. November 20th has for decades been a day of pilgrimage for Spanish nationalists to the Valley of the Fallen, where he is buried in a vast basilica carved out of a mountain near Madrid.

The 21st century equivalents of his murderers now aim to desecrate José Antonio’s grave at this memorial to the victims of the Spanish Civil War. As H&D‘s European correspondent Isabel Peralta explains in the video below, this is part of a tyrannical “democratic memory law” by which Spain’s left-wing government is imposing a particular version of history. In this one-eyed ‘history’, the Spanish communists and their allies are to be treated as heroes – in fact Spain this month has a new postage stamp celebrating its Communist Party – whereas nationalists are to be damned as villains.

Isabel herself will next week face trial under the Spanish equivalent of the UK’s race laws: a politically motivated trial designed to distract from the failure of Spain’s immigration policy. H&D will soon be reporting on this trial, and before then we shall have a report on today’s commemoration of José Antonio.

The battle for Europe continues – and St Edmund is the ideal patron saint for Englishmen to concentrate our minds on this battle.

So let us all celebrate St Edmund today, celebrate the legacy of José Antonio, and celebrate the new generation of racial nationalists who will reclaim and rebuild a Europe fit for Europeans.

French scholar arrested in Scotland by ‘anti-terrorist’ police

French revisionist scholar Vincent Reynouard was arrested in Scotland on Thursday 10th November. He is presently in an Edinburgh prison cell, where he will remain at least until 23rd February next year, when a court will determine whether he should be extradited to France, where he would be jailed under that country’s laws restricting historical and scientific enquiry. (There will be a further hearing in Edinburgh on 8th December this year, but the main case will not be heard until February.)

Vincent Reynouard built his scholarly reputation with a detailed re-examination of what had been termed the ‘Massacre of Oradour’, and went on to become one of the world’s leading sceptical investigators of the ‘Holocaust’. Francophone readers should visit his excellent website.

British and American readers might be shocked that a specialist squad of police from SO15 – the Counter-Terrorism Command, directed from London – swooped on a small Scottish village to arrest this 53-year-old scholar, who is not accused of anything that would be a crime in the UK.

Despite Brexit, French prosecutors seem able to demand extradition from the UK of a man who has committed no crime under UK law.

Yet in fact this is simply the latest example – though an especially important example – of an increasing trend across Europe, where politicised courts and prosecutors, aided by politicised police forces and intelligence agencies, are seeking to crush any dissent and enforce a quasi-religious obedience to one particular view of 20th century history.

For a detailed report on Vincent Reynouard’s arrest in the context of this disturbing European trend, visit the Real History blog for an in-depth article by H&D‘s assistant editor Peter Rushton.

We shall report on the case as it develops. Scottish readers able to assist Vincent should contact H&D as soon as possible.

15th November update: As a sequel to my article about Vincent Reynouard’s arrest, this morning I expose the background of the veteran politician who acted as intermediary, lobbying the British authorities to spend time and money pursuing this law-abiding French scholar.

This is the front page of tomorrow’s Herald, the Glasgow-based newspaper published since 1783 but now owned by Americans.
There is no “anti-nazi law”: the French authorities are seeking Vincent Reynouard’s extradition under a law banning critical enquiry into ‘Holocaust’ history. No such law exists in the UK and it is shameful that Police Scotland collaborated in this arrest.
The leading French nationalist journal Rivarol also has Vincent Reynouard on its front page – though unlike the Glasgow Herald, Rivarol defends traditional European freedoms.

European nationalists celebrate Ursula Haverbeck’s 94th birthday as she faces new jail sentence

Ursula Haverbeck (above left) with her lawyer Wolfram Nahrath

Ursula Haverbeck is one of Europe’s bravest and most intelligent campaigners for historical truth and justice. In 1963 she and her late husband Werner Haverbeck founded the Collegium Humanum – an educational institute based at their home in the northern German town of Vlotho.

The Collegium provided a wide range of educational and ideological training for several generations of Germans, with speakers including the intellectual founder of the modern European environmentalist movement, Dr E.F. Schumacher.

In 1992 Ursula became active in an organisation seeking to build proper memorials for the German civilian victims of the Second World War, whether victims of the terror-bombing campaign by the Western allies, or the campaign of mass rapes, murders and expulsions by Stalin’s Red Army.

This might have been thought a simple acknowledgment of historical fact, but increasingly Ursula drew the hostile attention of German state authorities who wished to impose an authorised version of history.

Increasingly this state-imposed version of history has concentrated on criminalising any attempt to question the alleged ‘Holocaust’ of six million Jews in supposed homicidal gas chambers on the presumed orders of Adolf Hitler.

Ursula Haverbeck was greatly influenced by the German judge Wilhelm Stäglish and his pioneering book The Auschwitz Myth

Historians, scientists and even lawyers who draw attention to the serious evidential problems with the orthodox ‘Holocaust’ narrative were first demonised and driven out of their jobs, then criminalised, and increasingly subjected to long jail sentences.

Ursula herself was first fined for this invented thought-crime of ‘Holocaust denial’ – defined in Germany as Volksverhetzung, or ‘public incitement’ – in 2004.

Since then she has repeatedly been dragged into court, despite her advancing years, for the ‘crime’ of asking politely worded questions about ‘Holocaust’ history in letters to academics, politicians, and other public figures; for writing historical articles in magazines; and more recently for the ‘crime’ of answering questions in an online video interview.

Ursula Haverbeck with her fellow campaigner for historical truth, Horst Mahler, who has spent many years in German prisons for thought-crimes.

From May 2018 until November 2020 Ursula served two and a half years in prison for such ‘crimes’, and earlier this year she was sentenced to a further 12 months imprisonment.

After her appeal was turned down, Ursula was due to enter prison on October 25th but this has been delayed for procedural reasons, so she was not in fact behind bars on her 94th birthday yesterday.

H&D understands that her jailing is however imminent.

A campaign in support of Ursula Haverbeck is already beginning across Europe. To celebrate her birthday yesterday the Spanish organisation Devenir Europeo displayed a banner in Madrid honouring Ursula’s courage and indomitable intellectual fortitude. One of the campaign organisers is H&D‘s European correspondent Isabel Peralta.

A new generation of European patriots and intellectuals are challenging the lies that have been imposed on our continent for more than seventy years.

Young Spanish intellectuals from Devenir Europeo displayed a banner yesterday in central Madrid to celebrate Ursula Haverbeck’s 94th birthday and to inaugurate a campaign for her release and the repeal of European thought-crime laws.

Gains for Denmark’s divided anti-immigration parties – but overall victory for left

Inger Støjberg, leader of the new anti-immigration party Denmark Democrats

In today’s Danish general election, the country’s bitterly divided anti-immigration parties made substantial gains.

As expected, the largest anti-immigration party in the new parliament will be the Denmark Democrats, formed only four months ago by Inger Støjberg, a former government minister who quit the liberal Venstre party last year. Venstre is liberal in the classical European sense, i.e. ‘right-wing’ on economics, but liberal in its social attitudes. As with such parties across Europe, this ideology has proved incapable of coping with the new era of ‘identity politics’ and the challenge of mass immigration by non-Europeans.

Støjberg’s party had already built a bloc of MPs in the old parliament who had followed their leader in defecting from other parties. In today’s election they polled 8.1% and won 14 seats.

The election was a disaster for Støjberg’s rival Morten Messerschmidt and his Danish People’s Party

The Denmark Democrats had already won defections not only from the mainstream right but also from the existing anti-immigration party, the Danish People’s Party – a right-wing populist party which unlike Støjberg has ‘left-wing’, big-state ideas on economic policy, but like many European nationalist parties is fanatically pro-Israel. Largely due to the failings of its leadership, the DPP had a disastrous election, falling to 2.6% and winning only five seats, compared to eleven at the previous election in 2019.

Yet another anti-immigration party, the New Right, polled 3.7% and won six seats (a gain of two since 2019).

The New Right, led by Pernille Vermund – another conservative who broke away from the mainstream right on the issue of immigration, advanced from four seats to six.

The election’s big losers were the mainstream conservative Venstre party who just about remained the largest opposition party but lost almost half of their seats, down from 43 to 23.

Incumbent social democrat Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen seems certain to stay in office and will now have a choice of coalition partners: she can opt to rely on a range of left-wing and green parties, or attempt a more stable coalition including the centrist ‘Moderate Party’. The other big losers were Frederiksen’s former coalition partners, the Social Liberal Party, who had precipitated the election by bringing down her previous government in a row over the forced culling of mink during the CoVID pandemic. The Social Liberals lost nine of their sixteen seats.

What seems certain is that Danish resistance to the consequences of mass immigration will grow: what remains unclear is whether any united anti-immigration front will be possible.

100 years ago today: how Mussolini’s March on Rome saved Italy

Those Italians and fellow Europeans who dare to defy the liberal-left’s tyrannical rewriting of history are today celebrating the centenary of the March on Rome, when Benito Mussolini and his Fascisti saved Italy from communism and chaos.

In 2022 even a former fascist such as new Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni feels obliged to denounce the Duce. But H&D thought our readers might be interested to learn what British journalists who knew Italy well were writing about the March on Rome and Mussolini’s seizure of power back in 1922 – before postwar brainwashing made it impossible for the mainstream press to write anything truthful about fascism or national socialism.

The Daily Telegraph wrote:
“In spite of the late disquieting rumours about Italy, there is no more pleasant country to stay in! After visiting the distressed states of Central Europe, it is a real and vivid joy to come to the smiling land of olive and cypress tree! Within her kingdom one is struck by her prosperity, her insouciance, her comfort, and, at least, the outward security of the country…
“Italy has troubles of her own, but, thanks to the Fascisti, who have restored law and order, there is peace. How much this state of affairs is due to the Fascisti is perhaps not fully realised; nor is their strength, their effective organisation, and the extent of their influence possibly appreciated or understood. In the opinion of most enlightened Italians they have not only been instrumental in repressing Socialist risings, but have saved the country from complete chaos, if not ruin!
“…Under the leadership of Count Mussolini, the admirable organisation known as the ‘Fascisti’ became a greater power than the powerful Socialists themselves. The strength of the Fascisti lies in their enthusiasm, their quiet determination, and the youthful backing of the country. There is scarcely a young man between the ages of 18 and 25 who is not a Fascist. Their policy is one of secrecy, of promptness: they are always on the spot and ready to spring when necessary.”

Similarly the Daily Mail reported:
“All the world has heard of the Fascisti – yet few people outside Italy have any precise knowledge of the mighty organisation which, created only a little more than two years ago, has reconquered Italy for the Italians, in a new Risorgimento which in a sense is a pendant and completion of the movement of the 1860s.
“There are more than a million declared and organised Fascisti in Italy today – and few of them are over 30. …700,000 of these Fascisti are workmen who have seceded from the virulently anti-patriotic Communist-controlled trade unions – for, as the revolutionaries have been unpleasantly reminded, even workmen prefer to be allowed to love, and be proud of, their native country.
“…At the elections in 1919 Fascismo was scarcely born. Now it is master of the country, and yet it is unrepresented in Parliament. The Fascisti said: ‘Give us the new elections which will return us to power – or like Caesar and his legionaries, we will cross the Rubicon and march on Rome.’
“The glory of ancient Rome is indeed their dream, and their army is modelled on the ancient legions. It is a fighting force of something like 300,000, apart from the 700,000 workmen enrolled in the Fascisti trade unions.”

That fighting force transformed Italy, and Mussolini’s two decades in power remain a golden age in his country’s history.

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